We want you to know a little more about our processes and that is why we are going to tell you a little more about our trees, harvests, the characteristics of our fruits, our way of maintaining our crops naturally without handling any type of pesticide. , and else.
To begin with, we want you to know that our trees reach between 9 and 15 meters in height when they are in the cultivation process, when they tend to spread, branch and their branches begin to cover themselves with foliage. And it is for this reason that the tall bearing of the trees does not allow the fruits to be harvested directly from the plant. Fact that makes the fruits that we deliver to our customers are collected from the ground after naturally detaching from the tree.
The harvesters manually harvest the walnut in plastic baskets to later be taken to the mill in fiber bags. This work is carried out weekly in the different farms to preserve the quality of the Macadamia.
The frequency in the collection offers permanence of the collectors in the different farms, where the contracting systems range from wage / day, kilos / collected or cooperatives that allow to provide social security and improve the standard of living to the collectors.
When the walnut is collected from the ground and is called a walnut in shell. The harvest is carried out one to two times a week depending on the weather conditions, in order to avoid rotting by fungi and also to be destroyed by rodents. The harvested Macadamia should not be exposed to the sun, since the quality of the almond deteriorates due to its high oil content (70%) (Rincón, 2000).
At the time of harvest, the walnuts in shell contain 25 to 30% moisture and 17% carbohydrates, therefore to avoid heating the walnuts, the green shell is removed within 24 hours after collection, thus avoiding damage. by fermentation and deterioration of the organoleptic quality of the almond. (Rincon, 2000).
The benefit of Macadamia is shelling, hand and flotation selection, drying and storage. In the shelling stage, the pericarp or green skin that covers the shell, which constitutes the hard and brown part of the fruit, is removed. This work must be carried out a maximum of 24 hours after harvesting in order to avoid heating and deterioration of the walnut, avoiding the development of pathogens that detract from the quality of the walnut. The shelled walnuts are called wet-shelled walnuts.
In the manual selection stage, black fruits, pierced by insects or squirrels, and biches or immature ones are discarded. In the selection by flotation in water, the edible part of the macadamia is removed is its almond, cream-white in color, with an exquisite flavor and with a diameter that ranges between 12 and 20 mm. natural oil, with high content of monounsaturated fats, 9% protein, 19% carbohydrates, 2% dietary fibers and 4% sugar (DelAlbaS.A.2006). And it is in this way that we choose the best to give our customers the highest quality in the products that we deliver to them.
If you want to know a little more about our process, we leave you this research done by us so that you can expand a little more your knowledge about the wonderful world of macadamia cultivation.